Disaster risk reduction
In an increasingly fragile and vulnerable world, it is becoming more and more urgent to integrate the issue of crisis management into development policy. Prevention and preparedness activities are essential parts of international aid work. Through evaluations and research, Groupe URD contributes to the exchange of ideas on these issues, drawing lessons from past disasters in order to improve preparedness for the future.
The International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction and the creation of a permanent international secretariat for these issues (secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction) have not made a great deal of difference to practices. Events such as the earthquake in Haiti in January 2010, the tsunami in December 2004, hurricane Katrina in the USA, the mudflow disaster in Java in 2006 and the increasing number of food crises in the Sahel and Sahelo-Sudanese region are regular, brutal reminders of the importance of prevention, preparedness and warning programmes.
It is evident from declarations such as those made at the Kobé Conference in February 2005 that international decision-makers have become aware of the importance of this subject. However, it is not always easy to take stock of the different kinds of operations and methods that exist, such as the Red Cross movement, civil protection forces from within crisis-torn countries and from other countries, UNDAC, specialist NGOs and general NGOs.
Groupe URD is active in three areas:
- Helping to improve understanding of the issues involved, their complexity and their many geographical and phenomenological aspects;
- Taking part in international efforts to clarify thinking on these issues for decision makers (planners, donors and national decision-makers) and to establish action plans;
- Developing strategic and operational tools to help actors involved in analysis and anticipation (hot spots theory, work on vulnerability and warning systems), preparedness and prevention.
Disaster risk reduction is a central issue in many of Groupe URD’s research and evaluation projects.
For more information, contact François Grünewald
Groupe URD’s projects related to this theme:
- Resilience: A global concept focussing on the Sahel region
- Read the proceedings of the RESILIENCE workshop
- Monitoring and Evaluation of the LRRD – REPI 2010 programme (following the floods of July 2010 in the Centre Nord and Est regions of Burkina Faso)
- Videos of the “Resilience” project on disaster risk reduction
- Video of the Evaluation of emergency programmes funded by the Fondation de France following the Haiti earthquake of 12 January 2010 (in French)
- The RESILIENCE project
- Videos of the “Evaluation of DG ECHO’s response to the post-earthquake crisis in Haiti”
- Evaluation of DG ECHO’s global response to the situation in Haiti
- Videos of the “Real-time Evaluation in Haiti” for the IASC
Articles related to this topic in "Humanitarian Aid on the move":
- Resilience and disasters: a UN perspective, Presentation by John Harding
- Bibliography on resilience
- Resilience: buzz word or useful concept?, François Grünewald - Jeroen Warner
- Climate change and natural disasters in Bangladesh: humanitarianism and the challenge of « resilience », Camille Raillon
- Haiti’s vulnerability to earthquakes: the case for a historical perspective and a better analysis of risks, Yvio Georges and François Grünewald
- Bibliography on Haiti and lessons learned from natural disasters
- Bibliography on disaster risk reduction (DRR)