The 5th anniversary of the earthquake was commemorated in January 2015. Though the funds from all over the world helped to assist the victims of the disaster and to begin the reconstruction, the results have not lived up to expectations. Aid coordination has not always been effective, far from it. What improvements could be made to help Haiti and to help manage future large-scale crises? What can be done to deal with the inherent difficulties in a political environment in constant crisis, faced with serious governance issues? What can be done to make sure that the efforts of aid organizations – who, until now, have had little experience in responding to urban disasters of this size – lead to urban reconstruction which is technically resilient and socially just? What can be done to improve the dialogue, which is often so difficult, between humanitarian organizations and civil society, who, like Haitian society, feel left out of the aid process? These are considerable challenges for Haiti and for the international system…
Today, the Haitian urban sector is far from having resolved the chronic crisis which began more than thirty years ago and which was made so much worse by the earthquake. Reconstruction programmes are struggling to provide satisfactory solutions for thousands of victims who are still in makeshift camps. Around 80 000 people are occupying private land, out of sight and often faced with violent eviction. The humanitarian crisis following the earthquake of January 2010 is coming to an end, it is true, but reconstruction is far from complete, and this despite the dedication of numerous national representatives and aid agencies.
The penultimate Haiti Observatory Newsletter includes an article on NGO waste prevention and management practices in Haiti accompanied by the corresponding detailed study. We also felt that it would be interesting to share an article on the impacts of the humanitarian response on the feminist movement in Haiti.