Groupe URD in Chad
The Observatory of Aid Practice in Chad opened from 2009 to 2012, and functions as a field office of Groupe URD, supporting both aid actors and those in the political sphere to better understand the Chadian context in all its complexity. By conducting independent research and evaluation, the Observatory helped clarify decision-making for a fairer and better adapted humanitarian aid response.
The Observatory’s activities focused primarily on:
- Producing knowledge and research findings based on contextual analysis of cross-cutting issues via operational research and regularly updated evaluations.
- Knowledge sharing and diffusion of research results, using a flexible communications strategy adapted to the needs of different actors/decision-makers, thereby enabling the research results to affect real change.
- Capacity building for actors in the field.
The Observatory had a permanent office and team of staff in Chad, who were joined by technical experts and researchers for specific short-term field missions.
In line with Groupe URD’s work globally, the Observatory’s work has been structured around three thematic axes:
- Aid architecture and humanitarian space – analysing issues related to access to affected populations, and how this is affected by the very structure of the international aid system, from a legal, institutional, operational and political perspective.
- Crises and vulnerability – better understanding crisis contexts and their specific vulnerabilities (fragile contexts, socio-natural risks, technological risks, etc.) and how they affect different groups of people.
- Aid Quality – questioning humanitarian practice and developing tools and methods to improve the quality of aid.
The Observatory has completed the following:
Studies and reports published:
- The return of displaced people in Eastern Chad, December 2011
- Improving long-term access to water in the re-organised territories of Eastern Chad, August 2011
- The resilience of pastoralists to drought - between tradition and upheaval - NGOs and the challenge of transhumance, Chad, Bahr El Gazal region, February 2011
- Transitional challenges, eastern Chad, June 2010
- Natural resource management and the environmental impact of humanitarian programmes in eastern Chad, October 2009
- Humanitarian space in Chad, study commissioned by IASC, June-October 2009
- Summary report - Multidisciplinary evaluation and research mission in eastern Chad, May 2009
In collaboration with PhD students from the University of Lille, Graduate School of Legal Sciences, Policy and Management (l’Ecole Doctorale en Science Juridiques, Politiques et de Gestion de Lille), research work on the following subjects has been underway:
- Emergency aid evaluation practices from the point of view of humanitarian actors in Chad, March 2011
- Humanitarian space: field analysis of the ‘security pillar’ in eastern Chad, March 2011
Workshops and Training Sessions:
- Experience exchange workshop on "Constraints and opportunities for ecosanitation in Chad", 6th March 2012 in Goz Beida and 8th March 2012 in Ndjamena;
- Experience sharing workshop on monitoring and evaluation, 13 December 2011;
- Experience sharing workshop on sustainable management of water points, 12th May 2011, Ndjamena;
- Presentation of the preliminary results of the study, “Management of Natural Resources in Eastern Chad”, 23th February 2011, Ndjamena ;
- Workshop, sharing experience and practice on ecological sanitation, 14th – 16th September, 2010, Ndjamena;
- Introduction to the Quality COMPAS, 14th September 2010;
- Training Course ‘Mainstreaming the environment in humanitarian programmes’, 12th-14th April, 2010, Ndjamena;
- Workshops on Humanitarian space, Goz Beida, Abéché, Ndjamena, October 2009.
Summary Papers and Technical Briefs
- Key messages of the EcoSan sector in Chad, 2009-2012
- The improved cooking stove, a solution for reducing the consumption of firewood, janvier 2011;
- Key messages of the Observatory of Aid Practices in Chad, June 2010;
- The Dehydration Toilet, an alternative to the pit latrine, October 2009;
- The Rope Pump, for access to potable water, October 2009;
- The Solar Cooker, an alternative to firewood, September 2009.
Meetings and Conferences
- 21 March 2012 IN N’Djamena : Symposium “Sahelian strip food crisis – lessons from previous humanitarian responses and the challenges ahead”.
- 13 December 2011 in N’Djamena : Experience sharing workshop on monitoring and evaluation.
- 10 October 2011 in N’Djamena : Round table "Stabilisation of returnee areas in Eastern Chad".
- 19th October 2010 in Brussels , presentation of the Observatory findings during the EC strategy meetings for the transition in Chad. The European Commission Directorates working in Chad were present at the meetings, as well as a Representative of the Chadian Ministry of Economy and Planning (the Deputy Director General of External Resources and Programming), and ECHO’s implementing partners in Chad.
- 10th June 2010 in N’Djamena , presentation of the study ‘Transitional Challenges’ to the aid actors working in eastern Chad.
- May 2009 in Abéché and Ndjamena , Mini-seminars presenting preliminary results of first multi-disciplinary research missions.
The DG ECHO has been the Observatory’s main financial partner since early 2009, via an administrative partnership with Solidarités International. The French Cooperation has also supported the Observatory in 2010. Some activities have also been implemented with the financial and in-kind support of UNICEF, UNDP and the Mairie of Ndjamena.
The following evaluations have also been conducted, commissioned by external organizations or institutions:
- Post Distribution Monitoring for WFP in Chad, October - December 2011
- Evaluation of a programme by the Association pour le Développement Rural du Batha in Chad, June 2011
- Evaluation of the ACTED programme to improve living conditions and build the capacity of Sudanese refugees and host communities, May 2011
- Evaluation of the Project to support the stabilisation of Eastern Chad (PAS), for AFD, February 2011 – December 2012
- Evaluation of the “Livelihoods and environmental protection” programme of Concern Worldwide NGO, Goz Beida, 2009;
- Evaluation of LRRD programme, southern Chad, commissioned by the European Commission, January 2010;
- Cluster Evaluation, Chad case study, for IASC/OCHA, 2009.
Our office in Chad is no longer operational. If you are looking for information about our activities in Chad or if you need to contact one of our members of staff with regard to future or ongoing projects in the Sahelian area (evaluation, training or research), please contact: Véronique de Geoffroy
Article in the review Humanitarian Aid on the Move n°3: « Ideas for improving the quality of the humanitarian response in Chad »
Article in the review Humanitarian Aid on the Move n°4: « The socio-economic impact of the international community’s presence in Abéché »