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Linking relief, rehabilitation and development

Groupe URD promotes better links between relief, rehabilitation and development. Given the increasing complexity of crises, the idea of a smooth transition from emergency to development contexts is no longer relevant. A new approach is needed which takes on board know-how from both the emergency and development sectors. This has implications for operational methods, crisis analysis and the provision of aid in general.

Linking relief, rehabilitation and development continues to be a major methodological and operational problem. The nature of humanitarian and development programmes is different. They have different mandates, know-how and objectives and many aspects of the methods and tools that are used are different (relations with partners, the role of national authorities, etc.).

For a long time, the idea of the continuum was predominant: emergency aid was mobilised to bring relief to the affected population and then reconstruction and rehabilitation activities were implemented until it was possible to restart development programmes. In reality, however, it is very rare for crises to develop in a linear manner.

The growing complexity of crises has made the old dichotomy between emergency relief and development obsolete. This has led to the emergence of the relief/development contiguum theory which reflects more accurately the complexity of situations which involve both long- and short-term operations and uneven spatial dynamics.

This type of situation presents new challenges for international organisations, whether they are implementing agencies or donors. It is therefore necessary to establish appropriate coordination and consultation mechanisms and find ways for the different actors involved to work together better.

LRRD has always been central to Groupe URD’s activities.

For more information, contact Véronique de Geoffroy

Groupe URD’s projects related to this theme since 2014:

Archives:

Articles related to this topic in "Humanitarian Aid on the move":

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The difficult handling of a complex crisis in Northern Mali - Lessons learned, François Grünewald, Johanna Baché, Valérie Léon, Bonaventure Sokpoh, February 2015
Handbook on resilience, in English, February 2013
From emergency relief to resilience - lessons learned, REPI project, April 2013, in French
Haiti : les enseignements de la catastrophe , F. Grünewald, revue Humanitaire, décembre 2010, n°27, pp.66 - 77
LRRD in Chad, 2009, project "raising the bar"
LRRD in Afghanistan, 2009, project "raising the bar"
Eau et assainissement en sortie de crise : entre urgence et développement, Agence Française de Développement et Groupe URD, actes du séminaire des 12 et 13 janvier 2009, novembre 2009 (fichier pdf, 5Mo).
In the limelight: Linking relief, rehabilitation and development, François Grünewald, Zoom de Rosa, August 2008, n° 8
Linking relief, rehabilitation and development in Afghanistan to improve aid effectiveness: Main successes and challenges ahead, par Amélie Banzet, Christine Bousquet, Béatrice Boyer, Agnès De Geoffroy, François Grünewald, Domitille Kauffmann, Peggy Pascal et Nicolas Rivière, January 2007
« Ensemble, de l’urgence au développement », dossier Opinion, Jean-Michel Severino et François Grünewald, La Croix, décembre 2007.
A review based on a Multi and Cross Sector Approach, Chapter 2 : SECTOR ISSUES : Urban Development, Water & Irrigation, Agriculture, Nutrition, Health, Education, par Amélie Banzet, Christine Bousquet, Béatrice Boyer, Agnès De Geoffroy, François Grünewald, Domitille Kauffmann, Peggy Pascal et Nicolas Rivière, LRRD project, Afghanistan, Avril 2006
A Review based on a Multi and Cross Sector Approach, Chapter 1: Cross Cutting Issues, par Amélie Banzet, Christine Bousquet, Béatrice Boyer, Agnès De Geoffroy, François Grünewald, Domitille Kauffmann, Peggy Pascal et Nicolas Rivière, LRRD project, Afghanistan, Avril 2006
Putting crisis management at the centre of development: a new paradigm to link emergency and development, François Grünewald, conference “Catastrophes in the age of globalisation”, Tel Aviv, 6-8 January 2003