Participatory planning in urban and rural areas
Following the earthquake of 12 January 2010, there was some criticism of the lack of involvement of national and local authorities and the affected population in strategic decisions: “In terms of the participation of the affected population, the evaluators did not observe that the introduction of the Cluster Approach had contributed positively to the participation of beneficiaries in the design and implementation of the humanitarian response. For example, the strategies and technical debates of the clusters did not deal with possible tools and mechanisms to increase the participation of the affected community”. Three years after the disaster, now that we are in the phase of reconstruction - which will not be possible without the involvement of local people - it seemed useful to highlight the inclusive approaches developed as part of commune and neighbourhood planning. Participatory planning tools exist in urban environments and rural environments and have been reinforced since the earthquake. The current article aims not only to highlight existing approaches, but also planning documents which have already been drawn up in certain communes of the country and certain neighbourhoods of the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince.
1. What is community-based planning? :
Community-based planning is a participatory approach which consists of involving the people of a commune or neighbourhood in the planning of their territory. Consultation at different phases of the process (from the initial assessment to the implementation of the community plan) should allow better understanding of the issues involved and social dynamics and help the local authorities and the inhabitants themselves to appropriate the recommendations.