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Support Programme for the Reconstruction of Housing and Neighbourhoods (UN agencies - UCLBP and Haitian institutions): gradual structural reorganisation of institutions
Béatrice Boyer and Emmanuel Baunard

The Support Programme for the Reconstruction of Housing and Neighbourhoods aims to reinforce institutional mechanisms at the government and municipal levels, supporting urban reconstruction and future housing and planning policies.

An update about this joint UN programme and the results of the first phase of the evaluation (2012 phase) appeared in the 7th Observatory Newsletter in August 2013. In order to help readers to understand the large number of national and international bodies involved in this programme and the many associated mechanisms, this article includes a list of acronyms.

The Support Programme for the Reconstruction of Housing and Neighbourhoods was devised in 2011 and is due to end in 2014. It includes four components: Component 1 aims to establish how many people and houses there are in the most affected neighbourhoods (run by the IHSI, with support from UNFPA and IOM) ; Component 2 is a reconstruction monitoring tool - the SILQ (run by the CNIGS with support from UN-Habitat) ; Component 3 concerns the setting up of support structures (ATL and CRC) for communes and neighbourhoods (run by the MICT with support from UN-Habitat and the IOM); and lastly, Component 4 has to do with reinforcing the MPCE in Urban and Regional Strategic Planning (supported by UN-Habitat and UNDP) [1].

 

List of acronyms for the many different bodies and mechanisms associated with this programme:

  • International aid frameworks
    IHRC: Interim Haiti Recovery Commission (created in 2010 after the earthquake, signed the programme in July 2011, dissolved in November 2012, followed by the creation of the CAED). )
    HRF: Haiti Reconstruction Fund
    CAED: Cadre de Coordination de l’Aide Externe au Développement de Haïti (Created late 2012 by the government) – Coordination Framework of External Development Aid in Haiti)
  • Partner or associated national institutions
    CNIGS: Centre National d’Informations Géo-spatiales (National Centre for Geo-Spatial Information)
    IHSI: Institut haïtien de Statistiques et d’Informatiques (Haitian Institute of Statistics and Data Processing)
    MICT: Ministère de l’Intérieur et des Collectivités territoriales (Ministry of the Interior and Territorial Collectivities)
    MPCE: Ministère de la Planification et de la Coopération externe – Ministry of Planning and External Cooperation
    MTPTC: Ministère des Travaux Publics, des Transports et de la Communication – Ministry for Public Works, Transport and Communication
    UCLPB: Unité de Construction de Logement et de Bâtiments publics (Public Housing and Buildings Construction Unit – answerable to the Prime Minister’s Office)
    CIAT: Comité Interministériel d’Aménagement du Territoire (Interministerial Territorial Planning Committee – answerable to the Prime Minister’s Office, associated to the PARLOQ without being a partner)
    UAT: Unité d’Aménagement du Territoire (Territorial Planning Unit – within the MPCE)
  • Related mechanisms:
    ATL: Agence Technique locale – (Local Technical Agency)
    CRC: Centre de Ressources Communautaires – Community Resource Centre
    GUSI: Guide d’urbanisme simplifié et illustré – Simplified and illustrated town planning guide
    PARLQ ou PARLOQ: Programme d’Appui à la Reconstruction des Logements et des Quartiers – Support Programme for Housing and Neighbourhood Reconstruction
    PCD: Plan Communal de Développement – Communal Development Plan
    PGTRA: Programme de Gouvernance Territoriale et de la Réforme Administrative (Territorial Governance and Administrative Reform Programme – drawing up of 5 rough regional plans, 18 urban plans and a simplified and illustrated urban planning guide about the devastated areas and 3 Development poles – related to component 4)
    PINNE: Programme d’Intervention dans le Nord et le Nord Est (Programme of operations in the North and North East – another institutional reinforcement programme in support of decentralization)
    PISUD: Programme d’Intervention dans les communes des départements du Sud (Programme of operations in communes in the départements of the South – another institutional reinforcement programme in support of decentralisation)
    PSDRU: Plan Stratégique de développement Régional et urbain (Strategic Plan for Regional and Urban Development - a mechanism of the GTRA related to components 3 and 4)
    PU: Plan d’Urbanisme (Town Planning Scheme)
    SA: Schéma d’Aménagement (Development Plan)
    SILQ: Système d’Information du Logement et des Quartiers (développé au CNIGS) – (Housing and Neighbourhood Information System)
  • Partner UN agencies:
    UNFPA: United Nations Population Fund (census support)
    IOM: United Nations International Office for Migrations
    UNDP: United Nations Development Programme
  • Cities affected by the PARLOQ:
    • Cities affected by the earthquake for components 1, 2 and 3:
      Urban Communes of Metropolitan Port-au-Prince, Port-au-Prince, Tabarre, Carrefour, Delmas, Cité Soleil, Pétion-ville, Croix des Bouquets, Jacmel
      Plus the cities of Miragoâne and Saint Marc
    • Secondary cities affected, subject to regional and urban planning related to component 4:
      West: Cities of Metropolitan Port-au-Prince
      Palmes: Affected cities of Petit Goâve, Grand Goâve, Léogane and Gressier
      South-East: Affected cities: Jacmel-Marigot axis
      South: Secondary city: Les Cayes
      North: Secondary economic pole: Cap Haïtien
      Artibonite : Secondary economic pole: Saint Marc

 

The first phase of the evaluation of this programme (2012) looked at the relevance, effectiveness and connectedness of the different components of the programme and the tools created with regard to the length of the programme, the time of reconstruction, and more particularly, the different problems faced by local institutions: governmental and minsterial changes, changes of mayors and municipal staff, difficulties regarding agreement protocols between institutions, delays with experts’ contracts, and the lack of qualified Haitians to manage the new municipal tools. It highlighted some weaknesses in the running of the programme, both on the international and national levels, with consequences in terms of internal coordination and external readability [2].


[1] For a summary of the PARLOQ, see: http://www.urd.org/Evaluation-du-Programme-d-Appui-a,1729

[2] Read the article about the 2012 phase of the evaluation: http://urd.org/The-Haiti-Observatory-newsletter-7