The Linking relief, rehabilitation and development (LRRD) project in Afghanistan
2005 - 2007, with the European Union
Groupe URD carried out research into the links between emergency, rehabilitation and development phases in Afghanistan. The LRRD project used a multi-disciplinary approach and focused on six sectors : Rural Development, Water (and Irrigation), Nutrition, Urbanism, Health and Education. It involved a mixture of research, evaluation and training which meant that it was possible to cover the different aspects of aid in the main operational sectors and to establish a cross-sector analysis of practices and their impact on crisis-affected people.
With the aim of improving the service delivered to crisis-affected people, the LRRD project looked at how NGOs – and the aid sector as a whole – position themselves in the transition period between emergency relief (visibility/rapid impact) and development, when longer term approaches are favoured.
This project led to the opening of an office in Kabul in January 2005 and involved a team of both experienced and junior researchers.
- The research consisted of:
- Five studies of agrarian systems which were representative of the country’s agro-ecological diversity;
- Three detailed studies of cities – Kabul, Jalalabad and Bamyan;
- Institutional diagnoses were carried out for each of the sectors cited above.
- In terms of evaluation, the project involved :
- Several evaluations which led to sector-based and multi-sector reports on the impact of reconstruction in Afghanistan. The multi-sector evaluation report, which has two parts (the first dealing with each individual sector, and the second with cross-sector issues) was part of a series of monographs which dealt with institutional developments in different sectors.
- Each year, several conferences, workshops and training sessions were run involving Afghan and international NGOs, Afghan ministries and donors.
The LRRD project ended with a large conference in January 2007.
The Kaifiat research project (‘Kaifiat’ is Dari for ‘Quality’) is the continuation of the LRRD project.
Water and Irrigation
Rural Women in Afghanistan
Urban Development Sector