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The Linking relief, rehabilitation and development (LRRD) project in Afghanistan
2005 - 2007, with the European Union

Groupe URD carried out research into the links between emergency, rehabilitation and development phases in Afghanistan. The LRRD project used a multi-disciplinary approach and focused on six sectors : Rural Development, Water (and Irrigation), Nutrition, Urbanism, Health and Education. It involved a mixture of research, evaluation and training which meant that it was possible to cover the different aspects of aid in the main operational sectors and to establish a cross-sector analysis of practices and their impact on crisis-affected people.

With the aim of improving the service delivered to crisis-affected people, the LRRD project looked at how NGOs – and the aid sector as a whole – position themselves in the transition period between emergency relief (visibility/rapid impact) and development, when longer term approaches are favoured.

This project led to the opening of an office in Kabul in January 2005 and involved a team of both experienced and junior researchers.

  • The research consisted of:
    • Five studies of agrarian systems which were representative of the country’s agro-ecological diversity;
    • Three detailed studies of cities – Kabul, Jalalabad and Bamyan;
    • Institutional diagnoses were carried out for each of the sectors cited above.
  • In terms of evaluation, the project involved :
    • Several evaluations which led to sector-based and multi-sector reports on the impact of reconstruction in Afghanistan. The multi-sector evaluation report, which has two parts (the first dealing with each individual sector, and the second with cross-sector issues) was part of a series of monographs which dealt with institutional developments in different sectors.
  • Each year, several conferences, workshops and training sessions were run involving Afghan and international NGOs, Afghan ministries and donors.

The LRRD project ended with a large conference in January 2007.

The Kaifiat research project (‘Kaifiat’ is Dari for ‘Quality’) is the continuation of the LRRD project.

Read more

Multi sector:

A Review based on a Multi and Cross Sector Approach, Chapter 1: Cross Cutting Issues, par Amélie Banzet, Christine Bousquet, Béatrice Boyer, Agnès De Geoffroy, François Grünewald, Domitille Kauffmann, Peggy Pascal et Nicolas Rivière, LRRD project, Afghanistan, Avril 2006
A review based on a Multi and Cross Sector Approach, Chapter 2 : SECTOR ISSUES : Urban Development, Water & Irrigation, Agriculture, Nutrition, Health, Education, par Amélie Banzet, Christine Bousquet, Béatrice Boyer, Agnès De Geoffroy, François Grünewald, Domitille Kauffmann, Peggy Pascal et Nicolas Rivière, LRRD project, Afghanistan, Avril 2006
Linking relief, rehabilitation and development in Afghanistan to improve aid effectiveness: Main successes and challenges ahead, par Amélie Banzet, Christine Bousquet, Béatrice Boyer, Agnès De Geoffroy, François Grünewald, Domitille Kauffmann, Peggy Pascal et Nicolas Rivière, January 2007

Rural Development:

Articles

Sector Review

Agriculture sector review, Peggy Pascal, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2001 - 2006

Survey

Rethinking women’s and farmers’ programmes to improve household economy in rural Afghanistan, Cécile Duchet and Jean-Christophe Duchier, LRRD project, 2005 - 2006
Rural development: Agriculture in crisis, Case study of Roy-e-Doab, Amath Pathé M.Sene, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2006

Water and Irrigation

Water sector review, Nicolas Rivière, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2001 - 2006

Rural Women in Afghanistan

Articles

Nutrition Sector

Sector Review

Nutrition update, Charlotte Dufour, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2005
Nutrition sector review, Domitille Kauffmann, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2001 - 2006

Urban Development Sector

Articles

Jalalabad: a resort town of change, Rafika Mahmoudi, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2006

Sector Review

Urban Sector Review, Béatrice Boyer, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2001 - 2006

Survey

Survey "Jalalabad: a resort town of change", Rafika Mahmoudi, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2006
Kabul Urban Survey, Béatrice Boyer, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2006

Education

Sector Review

Education sector review, Agnès De Geoffroy et Amélie Banzet, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2001 - 2006

Health Sector

Articles

PPA: is there still a case for debate?, Christine Bousquet, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2005
Different quality approaches in the Afghan health system, Dr Hugues Maury, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2005

Sector Review

Health sector review, Christine Bousquet, LRRD project, Afghanistan, 2001 – 2006
Annexe 2 - Health sector review, LRRD project, Afghanistan