Youth in the Sahel: exclusion and integration
June 2015 to March 2016 – for the French Development Agency
The French Development Agency (AFD) commissioned Groupe URD to analyse why there is a lack of social integration among the youth of the Sahel, propose ways to remedy this situation and help to redesign the AFD’s operational methods in the region.
Two issues are increasing the fragility of Sahelian states which are prompting the AFD to modify its operational methods in the region.
The first of these is the significant increase in violence and clandestine activities in the region, accentuated by the Libyan crisis and its repercussions in Northern Mali, which is destabilising countries and limiting economic and social development in the region.
The second is the fact that youth (particularly 12-25 year-olds), who represent a constantly growing proportion of society, are increasingly marginalised and faced with a number of problems. This is reinforcing phenomena such as violence, religious extremism, the undermining of governmental legitimacy and a feeling of injustice and marginalisation.
Faced with these different issues, the AFD asked Groupe URD to help it develop programmes aimed at the particularly vulnerable youth of the Sahel. These programmes require a redefinition of the “standard” analytical frameworks and operational methods used in the region. For example, it is necessary to take action over territories that are sometimes shared between several nations, and there needs to be an increased focus on education, training and the professional integration of young people, particularly in rural environments. Young people still often only have access to the informal job market, or are unemployed, and tend to neglect jobs in the agricultural sector.
Groupe URD’s analysis included a study of initiatives by the AFD’s partners and mapping of stakeholders active in the region (academic communities, NGOs, etc.), with the aim of promoting the “empowerment” of youth as a means of increasing their socio-economic integration.