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Literature monitoring July-August 2018

 Aid architecture

Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2018, Development Initiatives, June 2018, 70 p.

It is estimated that 201 million people in 134 countries needed international humanitarian aid in 2017, one fifth of whom came from only three countries: Syria, Yemen and Turkey. A complex mixture of poverty, environmental vulnerability and fragility continues to affect a large number of poor people. International humanitarian aid remains an essential resource to meet the needs of people affected by crises, and in 2017, 27.3 million US dollars were allocated to humanitarian operations. The Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2018 presents the complex data of humanitarian funding: where are the most important needs? where do the funds come from? where do they go? and, how do they get to the beneficiaries?
http://devinit.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/GHA-Report-2018.pdf

 Crises and vulnerabilities

Climate-Fragility Profile: Lake Chad Basin, Chitra Nagarajan & al., Berlin : Adelphi, 2018, 32 p.

Climate change increasingly threatens the stability of states and societies. This threat is particularly virulent in fragile and conflict-affected situations where governments and societal institutions already struggle to achieve security and equitable development. At the same time, conflicts and fragility often contribute to environmental degradation and undermine the ability to adapt to climate change, thus creating a vicious circle of increasing vulnerability and fragility. The complex and systemic risks that arise out of the interaction between climate change and other environmental, economic, social, and political pressures are what this profile calls climate-fragility risks. This Climate-Fragility profile is envisaged as a first component of a Climate-Fragility Risk Assessment process. It summarizes the key challenges the Lake Chad region is experiencing as a consequence of the interplay between climate change and fragility.
https://www.climate-diplomacy.org/publications/climate-fragility-profile-lake-chad-basin

 Governance

Si les victimes deviennent bourreaux : facteurs contribuant à la vulnérabilité et à la résilience à l’extrémisme violent au Sahel central, International Alert, June 2018, 56 p.

The armed groups linked to jihadism that have been operating in the central Sahel have had a disruptive effect on the fragile social fabric locally. Confronted with this phenomenon, communities have responded in different ways, ranging from rejection to attraction. This study focuses on young Fulani people in the regions of Mopti (Mali), Sahel (Burkina Faso) and Tillabéri (Niger), and analyses the factors contributing to community vulnerability or resilience to violent extremism. However, this study shows that the most determining factor contributing to vulnerability or resilience to violent extremism is the experience (or perception) of abuse and violation by government authorities. On the other hand, the study shows that strengthening social cohesion, supporting young men’s and women’s role in their communities, and mitigating social and gender exclusion could strengthen community resilience. These observations raise questions about the strategies to deploy to curb violent extremism in the central Sahel.
https://www.international-alert.org/sites/default/files/Sahel_ViolentExtremismVulnerabilityResilience_FR_2018.pdf