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Study - “Reconstruction & the Environment in Urban Contexts”

The population of the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince has grown from around 145 000 people in 1950 to almost 3 million today. This demographic growth has been extensive and the urban development which has taken place has been extra-legal and informal in nature. This development without a legal framework constitutes a major environmental risk for the communities who have settled on the mornes (risk of landslides) or on the plains (risk of flooding). Heavy rainfall regularly shows how the environment of the Metropolitan area has been degraded and the earthquake has only made pre-existing environmental vulnerability worse.

Groupe URD is planning to conduct an in-depth study of this issue. This will be an opportunity to study the consequences for the environment of a deferred reconstruction strategy - and more generally of the absence historically of a legal framework for urban planning in Haiti – and to evaluate the risks facing the population of the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince.