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Study on Security and Humanitarian Aid in Haiti
Arnaud Dandoy, Caroline Broudic, June 2013


General objective of the study:

Overall objective: To improve the quality of humanitarian and development projects by clarifying the issues related to security in Metropolitan Port-au-Prince.

Specific objectives of the study:

  • Identify the parameters / conceptual frameworks / sources of information used by international organisations to establish levels of security and study decision-making processes.
  • Evaluate different perceptions of insecurity in different organisations and the factors susceptible to influence decisions (size, mandate, geographical area of intervention, familiarity with the country…).
  • Evaluate the relevance of security strategies in relation to the current security and socio-political situation in Haiti, and how legal these are in terms of international norms regarding the protection of human rights.
  • Analyse the implications of these security measures on the activities of international organisations and the possible consequences for the population themselves.
  • Analyse how these security measures affect the image the population have of international organisations and of themselves.
  • Propose approaches / tools for the implementation of programmes in difficult neighbourhoods in the Metropolitan region based on the experiences of certain organisations.

Duration of the study: 2 months

Security in Haiti is one of the most controversial and divisive subjects within and between international organisations. Perceptions of insecurity vary diametrically from one actor to the next, and notably between humanitarian organizations and development NGOs, which raises the question of how attitudes to violence and crime are formed, and beyond this, of the validity of the measures implemented in response to this feeling of insecurity. In a context where violence is strongly linked to the deterioration of social ties and therefore of confidence, there is cause to question the security measures applied by a certain number of international humanitarian organizations.