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Evaluation of DG ECHO’s activities in urban contexts
July 2011– March 2012

With humanitarian aid increasingly confronted with the complexity of urban contexts, DG ECHO launched an evaluation of its programmes in these contexts and chose Groupe URD to carry it out. The evaluation will also review current knowledge and practices amongst humanitarian actors in relation to cities.

The objective of this evaluation was to analyse in detail programmes which have been supported by DG ECHO in a series of contexts chosen to illustrate the wide variety of situations which existed:

  • Port-au-Prince, a city which suffered a sudden, major disaster, in a context where there has been chaotic demographic and spatial growth;
  • Manila, a mega-city with numerous shanty-town areas which is regularly affected by cyclones and flooding as a result;
  • Mogadishu, a city at war in a country which has been at war for more than 20 years, and where there have been waves of displaced people due to drought in surrounding regions;
  • Kabul, a city which has alternatively been a refuge and a target in relation to armed opposition. It is a context where different forms of urbanisation co-exist (formal and informal), where the urban administration is largely absent and where life is often very difficult due to the harshness of the climate;
  • Bogota, a city in a relatively rich country to which people have fled to escape a conflict involving various armed opposition forces;
  • Urbanization processes caused by long-term displacement and by humanitarian assistance will also be taken into consideration, focusing principally on the analysis of two contexts: refugee camps in Kenya (Daadab) and IDP camps in Darfur.

The results of the general literature review has been presented at the 2012 ALNAP biannual meeting (17-19 January 2012 / Chenay) where the theme has been “Meeting the Urban Challenge: Adapting Humanitarian Response to a Changing World”.

The multi-disciplinary team working on this evaluation included an expert in disaster management and the evaluation of humanitarian action, an architect/urban planner, a WASH specialist and an agronomist/nutritionist specialised in economic aid processes.