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Literature monitoring April 2018

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Conflict-sensitive approaches to development, humanitarian assistance and peacebuilding: A resource pack, Saferworld, March 2018, 121 p.

Over the last decade there has been a growing realisation that humanitarian assistance sometimes feeds conflict rather than alleviates it, and that development aid sometimes exacerbates tensions. This has led to the development of tools to understand the relationship between programming and conflict. This Resource Pack seeks to document current practice, available frameworks and lessons learned. At its heart is the concept of ’conflict sensitivity’ - the notion of systematically taking into account both the positive and negative impact of interventions, in terms of conflict or peace dynamics, on the contexts in which they are undertaken, and, conversely, the impact of these contexts on the interventions.

Les partenariats entre l’Union européenne et les pays africains sur les migrations. Un enjeu commun, des intérêts contradictoires, Matthieu Tardis, Notes de l’IFRI, IFRI, OCP Policy Center, March 2018, 32 p.

Since 2015, and the refugee crisis, the dialogue between the European Union and African countries on migratory issues has reached a new level of intensity. This publication analyses the issues at stake in partnerships between the EU and African countries on migratory questions: the author begins by looking at the partnership frameworks that the EU proposes, underlining the change that can be observed since 2015. He then goes on to analyse the objectives of these partnerships by comparing the priorities of the EU and the interests of its African partners. The analysis aims to understand the extent to which such agreements can withstand the asymmetry of power and interests between the partners.

 Disaster Risk Reduction

Forecasting hazards, averting disasters: implementing forecast-based early action at scale, Emily Wilkinson, Lena Weingartner & al., ODI, March 2018, 40 p.

Forecast-based early action (FbA) initiatives are diverse, with very different approaches to the timing of decisions and actions, and to the types of forecast, monitoring data and delivery mechanisms used. This paper identifies the core features of over 25 FbA instruments designed to anticipate and reduce the impacts of natural and man-made hazards. It situates FbA innovations within broader humanitarian, disaster risk management and development agendas and reform processes. The paper concludes by considering the potential for FbA mechanisms to be adopted at scale in humanitarian and disaster risk management decision-making through the use of different sources of risk financing and national and international delivery mechanisms. https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/12104.pdf