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Literature monitoring June 2018

 Aid Architecture


Constructive deconstruction: imagining alternative humanitarian action, Christina Bennett, HPG Working Paper, HPG, ODI, May 2018, 23 p.
This report is the result of a two-year research project called “Constructive Deconstruction” carried out by ODI’s Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) which aimed to imagine what a new humanitarian system could be. First, it presents what needs to be deconstructed, then it describes new approaches to build a more relevant system. More specifically, the authors shows what needs to be changed in relation to humanitarian operations, funding, coordination, accountability and the behaviour of actors. This document also serves as an introduction to the other reports from the project.
The other reports from the project are available at the following address:

 Population displacement


Une Afrique rurale en mouvement. Dynamiques et facteurs des migrations au sud du Sahara, S. Mercandalli, B. Losch, FAO, CIRAD, April 2018, 60 p.
This atlas takes stock of the drivers and determining factors of population displacement in Sub-Saharan Africa, in a context of massive demographic growth and climate change, on a continent that is still principally rural. One of its conclusions is that Africa must invest in rural and agricultural development in order to have more balanced development and make migration a choice rather than a necessity. It is a collaborative effort by 20 authors.

 Quality of Aid


Making operational decisions in humanitarian response: A literature review, Leah Campbell, Paul Knox Clarke, ALNAP Study, ALNAP, ODI, April 2018, 75 p.
During a crisis, humanitarian leaders must make a range of decisions including whether, when and how to intervene; how to address technical, logistical, political and security constraints; when and how to cease operations; and the list goes on. Many of these decisions are made in urgent circumstances, have life-saving implications, and take place in a context of uncertainty. This literature review considers the context in which humanitarian leaders are asked to make decisions, explores the range of decision-making approaches which exist, and considers how effective these approaches might be in humanitarian environments. The paper draws from existing humanitarian literature and evaluations, and also from the wealth of experience which exists from the world of emergency management decision-making (including fires and public health emergencies). In doing so, it gathers existing knowledge, identifies gaps in understanding and proposes areas for future research.