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Literature monitoring May 2018

 Aid architecture

Bridging the emergency gap : Reflections and a call for action after a two-year exploration of emergency response in acute conflicts, Monica de Castellarnau, Velina Stoianova, Emergency Gap Project, Barcelone : Médecins Sans Frontières, avril 2018, 75 p.
There is general consensus that the humanitarian sector is failing to mount timely and adequate responses in the acute phase of conflict-related emergencies. This report presents the findings of the two-year Emergency Gap Project by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) which has analysed what works and what stands in the way of effective emergency programmes. The authors claim that bridging the gap between humanitarian and development aid should not be done to the detriment of emergency responses. The report concludes that emergency interventions should be re-established as a distinct area of intervention: this means cultivating the humanitarian spirit of organisations who focus on emergency situations and who operate in conflict situations, and supporting their operations with the necessary resources.

 Crises and vulnerabilities

Crise et développement : La région du lac Tchad à l’épreuve de Boko Haram, Géraud Magrin, Marc-Antoine Pérouse de Montclos (sous la dir. de), AFD, avril 2018, 294 p.
As of 2009, the insecurity linked to the insurrection by Boko Haram and its repression spread from the centre of Borno State in Nigeria to the whole of the north east of the country, then to the border regions with the neighbouring countries of Cameroon, Niger and Chad. The crisis gradually affected the whole Lake Chad region. This study is the first to look at the Boko Haram crisis from a perspective that transcends the political and linguistic borders between English-speaking Nigeria and the three French-speaking countries bordering Lake Chad. Having been conducted by a multi-disciplinary team of fifteen researchers from France, Britain, Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria and Chad, it looks at the Lake Chad region as a system. Its components and their environmental, economic and political interaction are viewed from a diachronic perspective before, during and after the peak of violence. The analysis leads to reflection about 20 years into the future. Based on the observation that the crisis has weakened the system of relations that contributed to the resilience of the Lake Chad region, this study aims to shed light on the crucial choices that will decide the kind of development that is to come.

 Linking relief, rehabilitation and development

Escaping the fragility trap, Commission on State Fragility, Growth and Development, LSE, IGC, University of Oxford’s Blavatnik School of Government, avril 2018, 79 p.
Almost 900 million people still live on less than two dollars a day. The majority of them live in countries that are often referred to as “Fragile States”, ravaged by conflicts and corruption. Their governments do not have the legitimacy and the capacity to provide the jobs, public services and possibilities that their people need. This report highlights the characteristics of fragility, examines its consequences in a broad sense and recommends a new approach to State fragility and international aid. The authors provide a series of twelve recommendations concerning political, security and economic issues.