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Literature monitoring: December 2018

 Aid Architecture

As local as possible, as international as necessary: understanding capacity and complementarity in humanitarian action, Veronique Barbelet, ODI, November 2018
At the World Humanitarian Summit, in 2016, the Secretary General of the United Nations called for humanitarian aid to be “as local as possible, as international as necessary”. This led to numerous initiatives and discussions within the humanitarian community but very often localisation was interpreted and understood differently by actors at the local level and “traditional” international humanitarian organisations. This document looks at the issues of “capacity, capacity strengthening, partnerships, collaboration and complementarity” and how these translate in concrete terms in the field.

 Crises and vulnerabilities

How to Halt Yemen’s Slide into Famine, Middle East Report N°193, International Crisis Group, November 2018, 31 p.
Almost two years ago, Yemeni combatants, supported by the United Arab Emirates, began their campaign to take control of the plains along the coast of the Red Sea, including the crucial port of Hodeida. This report describes the situation and the continual threat of fighting which could make what is already the worst humanitarian crisis in the world even worse. The International Crisis Group then argues in favour of concrete measures that the UN and Western powers can take to prevent a deadly battle for Hodeida and bring a rapid end to the war.

 Urban issues

Urban Refuge: How cities are building inclusive communities, International Rescue Committee, November 2018, 19 p.
Cities are on the front line in terms of coping with the unprecedented levels of displacement in the 21st century. Even with limited resources and minimal recognition, municipal authorities are more and more effective at responding to and defending the needs of their displace residents. But they need partners. This report is therefore a call to action for the private sector and international humanitarian actors so that they support the work of the municipal authorities in building inclusive communities for displaced people. It presents numerous examples of cities around the world that host refugees. The report concludes with recommendations for collective action.