14/03/2006In a context of post-conflict and ongoing reconstruction, Afghanistan is the focus of attention of humanitarian and development workers. In particular, the issue of women remains at the heart of concerns and programmes are multiplying in favour of a "gender approach" or "women's empowerment". Is it still relevant? Don't these programs often fail because they are not adapted to women's needs? In addition, development agents most often consider Afghan women as a homogeneous group without taking into account their diversity.