The case studies in Myanmar and DRC concern humanitarian crises caused by internal conflicts. The mission in Myanmar focused on Kachin state, in the north, where international organisations are unable to conduct operations directly and must therefore work in partnership with local organisations, thereby leading to the localisation of aid. The many dimensions and issues involved in the localisation of aid will be further explored in DRC, and more particularly around the city of Bunia (in Ituri Province, in the north-east of the country).

This theme of this in-depth study is in keeping with the commitments made at the World Humanitarian Summit in the Grand Bargain and the Charter for Change.