USAID, Irish Aid & UKAID
Post-earthquake reconstruction in Haiti: a textbook case in many respects
The post-earthquake response created a precedent in the sector
With the scale of the humanitarian response following the earthquake in 2010, involving a very large number of projects and stakeholders, a certain number of shortcomings in the aid system became evident. The post-earthquake urban reconstruction in Haiti is often considered to be a textbook case and created a precedent for professionals. Groupe URD contributed to this lesson learning and analysis, working on urban questions, environmental issues, coordination problems, etc.
Evaluation as a learning mechanism…
Evaluation was the main pillar of the learning process established in Haiti. Reinforcing national capacities in project evaluation, sharing lessons learned and good practices and establishing a stakeholder network were Groupe URD’s main objectives over the three years.
This involved individual support for teams who were carrying out or overseeing evaluation processes, training in evaluation and the setting up of a data base of Haitian evaluators. Our activities consisted, for example, of carrying out regular briefings and debriefings, organizing workshops on specific subjects (such as data collection methodology) or providing guidance on how to write evaluation documents (Terms of Reference, inception reports, evaluation reports, etc.).
Nourished by complimentary activities
In keeping with Groupe URD’s collective learning process, several other complementary activities were also implemented in Haiti via the Observatory:
- Project evaluations for national and international NGOs, United Nations agencies, donors, etc.
- Operational studies and research to explore certain subjects in more depth and suggest ways for actors to adapt their programmes.
- Tailored training courses on Groupe URD’s specialist subjects. The evaluation training course was reviewed to make it relevant to the Haitian context, and to include lessons learned and good practices, with a specific accent on questions of recovery and development.
- Workshops to stimulate debate, disseminate and discuss lessons learned.
The idea of setting up the Haiti Observatory came out of discussions with the evaluation network of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the United Nations’ evaluation network (UNEG) and ALNAP. Its activities were funded by USAID, Irish Aid and UKAID.
Sixteen projects carried out in a post-earthquake reconstruction context
- Final evaluation of the project to renovate the Foyer Sainte Bernadette by ARCHE Haïti (2015)
- Study on the management of waste produced by humanitarian and development organisations in Haïti (2014-2015)
- Ex-post external evaluation of a joint rehabilitation programme in Léogane (Haiti) implemented by the German Red Cross and the Austrian Red Cross (2014)
- Study on new jobs in the post-earthquake context in the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince (2014)
- Study on Housing reconstruction in Haiti: technical issues, habitability and heritage (2013-2014)
- Evaluation of the Housing and Neighbourhood Reconstruction Programme in Haïti (2012-2014)
- Improving the quality of cash programmes funded by the WFP in Haïti (2013)
- Study : “Insecurity and humanitarian aid : an impossible dialogue?” (2013)
- Study for the British Red Cross on urban contexts in Haïti and Nepal (2013)
- Study on socio-cultural factors in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene programmes for the IFRC (2013)
- Study : “Reconstruction and the Environment in the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince (2012-2013)
- Evaluation of projects funded by Swiss Solidarity in Haïti (2010-2013)
- Study on the community-based approach in urban environments in Haïti (2012)
- Review of the cash transfer programme coordination mechanism in Haïti for the CaLP (2012)