French Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs (MEAE)
The various studies on the security of humanitarian actors rank Somalia among the most dangerous operational contexts in the world, along with Afghanistan, Darfur and, more recently, Chad. At the same time, it is one of the contexts in which humanitarian needs are highest. To better understand the operational challenges posed by this context to humanitarian actors and donors, Groupe URD was commissioned by the Crisis Centre (CDC) of the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs to conduct a study with the ultimate objective of contributing to the work and thinking on humanitarian issues in highly insecure situations.
The work included, on the one hand, a bibliographical research on recent production concerning Somalia, making it possible to make a detailed assessment of the situation. On the other hand, a series of visits to the Horn of Africa allowed contact to be made with actors working in and around Somalia (Ethiopian Ogaden, peripheral regions from Somalia to Kenya). Meetings were held with United Nations agencies involved in Somalia and its peripheries (OCHA, WFP, FAO, UNICEF), some humanitarian agencies (ICRC, NGOs, NGO collective working in Somalia), donors (DG ECHO, DFID, USAID, Norway, France) and representatives of the countries concerned (Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia).
This study includes several chapters:
- The Somali context and its key characteristics;
- Humanitarian action in Somalia and some of the major challenges in terms of access and diagnosis of the situation and needs;
- Sensors to monitor the situation in Somalia and carry out risk analyses;
- The approaches developed by humanitarian actors involved to work in this turbulent and dangerous context;